Is France going to lift the ban on surrogacy any time soon?
The question of legalising gestational surrogacy in France has revived in recent years for a variety of reasons. First and foremost, there is an increasing need for autonomy, particularly in terms of personal life choices. Women whose infertility is caused by a congenital deformity, cancer surgery, postpartum bleeding, or Distilbene exposure have a chronic desire.
Finally, individuals might seek international surrogacy in the United States or in countries such as Ukraine and India, where specialist facilities cater to foreigners. When they return to France with children created in this manner, however, proving filial links is more difficult.
A majority of French residents now favour the restriction of surrogate parenthood via surrogacy centre france. It is justified on the basis of ethical considerations for the child, the surrogate mother, and society as a whole.
Recent French court rulings demonstrate the difficulty of implementing this rule in today’s globalised society. They refuse to adopt and recognise children born to surrogate mothers in other countries. The general norm is to respect what is lawful in other nations, unless it appears to be in violation of basic values. A divorce acquired in another nation, for example, is lawful unless it is the consequence of rejection. Following this pattern, the Cour de Cassation decided that registering a child in the name of a woman who did not give birth to him violated one of these principles; in the Mennesson case in 2008, it ruled that a transcript of a child born to a surrogate mother in California was unlawful, despite the fact that the child had obtained his birth certificate there and was a US citizen.
Whats the story about same sex couple that travelled to India?
Then there was the story of a same-sex couple who had travelled to India to surrogate a kid. The “mother” had an Indian name, and the biological father had signed a paternity declaration; nonetheless, the court refused to register the birth certificate, citing the fact that French people are unable to travel outside to dodge French surrogacy rules.
Of course, the best interests of those youngsters were taken into account by the Cour de Cassation. Despite the fact that the child’s filiation was not recognised in France, because he possessed a foreign birth certificate, he was allowed to live in France with the couple and had the same education and healthcare privileges as other foreign children. It would have been incompatible with France’s severe prohibition on surrogacy treatment france. if the courts had approved de facto a surrogacy performed abroad. Furthermore, if the kid’s best interests were to be prioritised, child abduction and trade may be acceptable in some severe cases, rendering other international accords such as The Hague Convention on Adoption ineffective and outmoded.
Nonetheless, with the ECHR’s recent judgement in the Mennesson case, which was read on September 26, 2014, France may be set to accept international surrogacy. Although France had not breached the commissioning parents’ and children’s rights to respect for family life, the Court found that the child’s right to respect for their private life (article 8) had been violated via surrogacy clinics france.
The Strasbourg court’s decision is based on “the importance of biological parentage as a component of each individual’s identity,” which is extremely interesting. France had gone beyond its margin of appreciation by refusing to recognize under French law children who had French biological fathers: it is extremely interesting that the Strasbourg court’s decision is based on “the importance of biological parentage as a component of each individual’s identity.” As a result, France is not obligated to recognize any type of overseas surrogacy.